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Saturday, April 18, 2020 | History

5 edition of How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health? found in the catalog.

How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health?

Sandra Lynn Decker

How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health?

a comparison of the US and Canada

by Sandra Lynn Decker

  • 384 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Canada.,
  • United States.
    • Subjects:
    • National health insurance -- Canada,
    • Medical care -- Canada,
    • Medical care, Cost of -- Government policy -- United States,
    • Insurance, Health -- United States

    • Edition Notes

      StatementSandra L. Decker, Dahlia K. Remler.
      SeriesNBER working paper series ;, working paper 10715, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) ;, working paper no. 10715.
      ContributionsRemler, Dahlia K., National Bureau of Economic Research.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHB1
      The Physical Object
      FormatElectronic resource
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3475769M
      LC Control Number2005615171

        The U.S. has been considered a leader in many things – industry, innovation and health care fact, America leads the world in dollars spent on health care, likely reaching $ HEALTH CARE COSTS AND ACCESS DISPARITIES IN APPALACHIA January ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was prepared by PDA, Inc. in Raleigh, North Carolina in collaboration with The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill.


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How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health? by Sandra Lynn Decker Download PDF EPUB FB2

How Much Might Universal Health Insurance Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Health. A Comparison of the US and Canada Sandra L. Decker, Dahlia K. Remler. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in August NBER Program(s):Health Economics. A strong association between lower socioeconomic status and worse health has been documented within many countries, but little work has been done to compare the strength of this relationship across countries.

We compare the strength of the relationship between income and self-reported health in the US and Canada. We find that being below median income Cited by: How Much Might Universal Health Insurance Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Health.

A Comparison of the US and Canada Sandra L. Decker and Dahlia K. Remler NBER Working Paper How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health? book. August JEL No. I1 ABSTRACT A strong association between lower socioeconomic status (SES) and worse health-- the SES-health.

How Much Might Universal Health Insurance Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Health. A Comparison of the US and Canada Article in Applied Health. Downloadable. A strong association between lower socioeconomic status (SES) and worse health-- the SES-health gradient-- has been documented in many countries, but little work has compared the size of the gradient across countries.

We compare the size of the income gradient in self-reported health in the US and Canada. We find that being below median How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health? book raises. How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health.

Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, © (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Sandra Lynn Decker; Dahlia K Remler; National Bureau of Economic Research.

Decker, Sandra L. and Remler, Dahlia, How Much Might Universal Health Insurance Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Health. A Comparison of the Us and Canada (August ). NBER Working Paper No.

wCited by: Get this from a library. How Much Might Universal Health Insurance Reduce Socioeconomic Disparities in Health. A Comparison of the US and Canada. [Sandra L Decker; Dahlia K Remler] -- A strong association between lower socioeconomic status (SES) and worse health-- the SES-health gradient-- has been documented in many countries, but little work has compared the.

Universal Access to Care Does Not Fully Eliminate Disparities, Study Finds. Universal access to medical care might reduce health disparities between socioeconomic classes, but it is unlikely to eliminate them, according to a study published in the February issue of Health Affairs, MedPage Today reports.

Study Methods. Kawachi et al. noted that “Much of the history of thinking about inequality in the United States, including health inequality, has usually been framed in terms of race or class, but seldom both.” 66(p) The absence of adequate data on socioeconomic differences overall and within racial/ethnic groups can lead policymakers, researchers, and.

Accordingly, the reduction of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health has been identified by the U.S. Public Health Service and the National Institutes of Health as a major priority for public health practice and research in the first decade of the twenty-first century (USDHHS, ; Varmus, ).Cited by: Findings from the CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report – United States, Now, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued the CDC Health Disparities and How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health?

book Report — How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health? book States,which is the first in a series of regular reports that focus on selected topics that are important to CDC’s efforts to eliminate Size: KB.

to address population health disparities. In addition, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has boldly expanded their Healthy People objectives from reducing health disparities to the elimination of health disparities by (USDHHS, ). Health disparities, represented by differences in the incidence, prevalence, andFile Size: 50KB.

10 The four studies are (1) R.M. Weinick, S.H. Zuvekas, and J.W. Cohen, “Racial and Ethnic Differences in Access to and Use of Health Care Services, to ,” Medical Care Research and Cited by: The United States has the largest socioeconomic disparities in health care access of any wealthy country.

We assessed changes in these disparities in Cited by: Disparities in health within the U.S. Why is it that in the U.S., where you live can have a huge impact on your health. For example, in the area served by the Washington, D.C., metro system, neighborhoods just 12 miles from each other can have a nine-year difference in life expectancy.

disparities in health can occur not only as inequalities in quality of and access to medical care but also as inequalities related to behaviors, environmental conditions, and societal opportunities.

For example, differences in individual behaviors that result in greater risk for disease or injury (such asFile Size: 8MB.

While new health technologies are indisputably beneficial, the uneven distribution of access to them has generated a massive intensification of health disparities. T Age-adjusted rates that account for differences in population age structures are usually used to compare mortality rates in two or more populations.

Research showing that addressing health disparities would greatly reduce the health care costs of this nation is hardly new, as a cursory review of the literature indicates.

A study of diabetes in North Carolina showed that the prevalence of diabetes was 9 percent overall but 76 percent among adult Medicaid enrollees.

Social determinants of health like poverty, unequal access to health care, lack of education, stigma, and racism are linked to health disparities. Health in the United States is a complex and often contradictory issue. One the one hand, as one of the wealthiest nations, the United States fares well in health comparisons with the rest of the world.

In the South, African Americans are disproportionately represented. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, 58 percent of the African-American population lived in the South as of 18 They are also more likely to be uninsured, with Texas, Florida, and Georgia being home to the largest shares of uninsured.

The cover of Disparities on the Path to Universal Health Coverage may look familiar to some observers of global health trends. While the image is generated using the data underpinning this report, its “bubble chart” form is strongly asso-ciated with Dr. Hans Rosling.

Rosling, who passed away on February 7, while. Federal efforts to alleviate such health disparities began in the early s.

The focus of this report is the collaboration between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Institute of Health’s (NIH’s) National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), which supports these federal efforts.

Health care of an infant will cost varying amounts of money. This depends on what kind of insurance the infant has, and what kind of health conditions they may need care for.

For a. Ina group of Greensboro community organizers invited researchers from the University of North Carolina School of Public Health to form the Greensboro Health Disparities Collaborative, an effort to understand and address the lingering effects of of the group’s first activities was to conduct focus groups among black and white members about their health.

Background: Despite enormous public sector expenditures, the effectiveness of universal coverage for health care in reducing socioeconomic disparities in health has received little attention.

Study objectives: To evaluate whether universal coverage for health care reduces socioeconomic disparities in health. Design: Information on participants of the Nova Cited by: Page 3 Demographic Health Disparities and Health System Transformation: Drivers and Solutions, November Community Catalyst is a national non-profit advocacy organization building consumer and community leadership to transform the American health care system.

Socioeconomic DisparitiesFile Size: KB. Disparities in U.S health care are a source of considerable public health and policy concern, with substantial evidence that minorities and low-income Americans experience greater barriers to care and worse health outcomes across numerous measures.

1,2 At the same time, the. Obamacare’s impact on the racial health gap comes at a time when other kinds of racial disparities are increasing: The wealth gap between blacks and whites is. Part two Health inequalities and disparities in France Higher-resolution analysis of obesity at the level of urban units con- taining more t inhabitants has been conducted.

Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health is certainly not the only recent publication on health disparities. Similar books in the field tend to focus solely on racial/ethnic disparities or, like Barr's earlier book, 1 are introductory texts on health policy.

(1) Marginalized population groups may have higher rates of poverty, which is associated with reduced health status (2) Population groups may engage in different cultural practices, such as preferred diets (3) Populations groups may be genetically different (*4*)All of these are partial explanations for health disparities.

Polsky, a health economist who currently serves on the Congressional Budget Office's Panel of Health Advisers and the Institute of Medicine's Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, gave a talk heavily based on the numbers that illuminate the changing health insurance situation of millions of U.S.

citizens. Despite a great deal of attention on health disparities in recent years, some aspects of the disparities discussion have received less attention. On the positive side, the Affordable Care Act (ACA), passed in (and with most aspects of implementation beginning after ) may be making historic inroads to narrow disparities.

Gopal K. Singh, senior epidemiologist with the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, described trends in obesity and overweight among children, adolescents, and adults and the extent to which socioeconomic disparities in obesity vary across the life course.

A surge in health disparity research aimed at leveling the health care playing field for vulnerable populations was galvanized by the Institute of Medicine report, Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care, which found a consistent body of research demonstrating significant variation in health care quality.

ventions can reduce disparities in cognitive and socioemo-tional development based on socioeconomic status Social Causation The available evidence suggests that socioeconomic status affects health through myriad pathways.

As illustrated ear-lier, disparities in health begin early in life. There is growing. Increasing patient cost sharing is a commonly employed mechanism to contain health care expenditures.

To explore whether the impact of increases in prescription drug copayments differs between high- and low-income areas. Using a database of 6 million enrollees with employer-sponsored health insurance, econometric models were used to examine the Cited by: Sandra Lynn Decker has written: 'How much might universal health insurance reduce socioeconomic disparities in health?' -- subject(s): Cost of Medical care, Government policy, Health Insurance.

Socioeconomic Impact on Universal Care Posted on Ma May 9, Author Tyree Winters, DO Countries contemplating national health insurance cannot rely on universal health care to eliminate historical disparities.

Brief Description: Race Ethnicity and Health is a compilation of pdf articles and book chapters published between and on issues related to race, ethnicity, and health in the Content Area: Social/Cultural factors related to healthcare/health disparities including socioeconomic status, age, gender, and Size: 41KB.Black women in the United States experience unacceptably poor maternal health outcomes, download pdf disproportionately high rates of death related to pregnancy or childbirth.

Both societal and health system factors contribute to high rates of poor health outcomes and maternal mortality for Black women, who are more likely to experience barriers to obtaining quality care and often .addressing disparities in health ebook and outcomes ebook a critical – and clinical – imperative.9 Cost impact Additionally, health disparities take a heavy toll on the U.S.

economy. Federal data show the impact of health disparities, reflected in higher health care spending, lost productivity and premature death, amounts toFile Size: KB.